The Department of Homeland Security has awarded $8.6 million to five companies for development of secure apps for the federal government.

The five companies, which each received between $1.4 million and $1.9 million, are Qualcomm, Lookout, United Technologies Researcher Center, Apcerto and Red Hat.

The Mobile Application Security, or MAS, projects are part of the Mobile Security research program at DHS’s Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency.

“The recently launched MAS project is focused on continuous validation and threat protection for mobile apps and integrating security throughout the mobile app life cycle,” said a DHS news release. “It also is developing a security framework and integrated models that will enable the development of secure mobile apps for mission use by DHS components, other government agencies and enterprise organizations.”

The various research projects by the five companies spans multiple aspects of cybersecurity, including Qualcomm’s embedding security in a device’s hardware; Lookout’s vulnerability detection; United Technologies’ mobile device/cloud environment; Apcerto’s apps rating system; and Red Hat’s integration of security into app development.